Xi Jinping First Chinese President in Decades to Visit Nepal
Xi Jinping on Saturday became the first Chinese president in more than two decades to visit Nepal, where he is expected to sign agreements on several infrastructure projects.
Xi Jinping arrived in India on Saturday, where he met Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Nepal hopes to tread carefully while building relations with the larger neighbors of India and China.
India has a wide influence on Nepal‘s economy and politics, while China and Nepal share a border covered with high mountain peaks.
Jiang Zemin was the last Chinese president to visit Nepal, who was visiting in 1996, but other Chinese leaders – including the Premier and Foreign Minister – have paid official visits to the Himalayan nation.
A former Nepal diplomat, Tanka Prasad Karki, said that a Chinese president had not visited Nepal for so long, as “China was waiting for a strong government in Kathmandu, marked by the Maoist war for the last few decades” There were frequent changes in government and political instability. “
Xi Jinping called Nepali President Bidya Devi Bhandari and Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli at Kathmandu Airport.
The Trans-Himalayan connectivity and extradition treaty will be high on the agenda during official talks on Sunday, said Narayan Kaji Shrestha, spokesperson of the ruling Nepal Communist Party. He added that countries are also expected to sign a project report on the construction of a rail link in Tibet between Kathmandu and Keirung.
Nepali officials ruled out the possibility of any immediate settlement on the extradition issue. Nepal officials said China has been pressuring Nepal to sign a treaty for some years to improve the administration of border areas and fight against crimes such as banking fraud, smuggling, and smuggling of gold and wildlife organs.
Police said they arrested 22 people, including some Tibetan refugees, since Friday to prevent any protests during Xi’s visit.
Xi‘s two-day visit to India came at a time of tensions over Beijing’s support for Pakistan, India‘s archrival, in opposing New Delhi’s downgrading of Kashmir’s semi-autonomy and continuing restrictions in the disputed region.
Indian Prime Minister Modi told Xi Jinping on Saturday that relations between their countries had gained stability and momentum in the past year, and this should enable them to manage their differences and avoid disputes.
The two leaders avoided the vexed Kashmir dispute from clouding their summit at the seaside temple of Mamallapuram, the disputed region of Kashmir. Narendra Modi said that the two countries agreed to be sensitive to each other’s concerns as they held delegation-level talks.
According to India’s Ministry of Commerce, China’s exports stood at $ 13.33 billion in the 2018 fiscal year, compared to $ 76.38 billion in imports.
Tensions in Kashmir, which is divided between Pakistan and India, but both claimed their entirety, have increased since August when India downgraded the semi-autonomy of Indian-administered Kashmir and imposed a security and communications lockdown.
At the US General Assembly meeting in New York, China supported Pakistan in boosting India’s actions. China said that India should not act unilaterally in Kashmir, a part of which is also controlled by China.
Xi Jinping arrived in India two days after hosting Pakistani Prime Minister Khan in Beijing.
India accused neighboring Pakistan of generating and training rebel groups for Kashmir’s independence or a merger with Pakistan. Pakistan denied the charge. The two countries have fought two wars over control of the territory since they gained independence from the British colonialists in 1947.
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